Having been one of the most entertaining games of the world for the past few years cricket has gained immense popularity in so many countries. Two teams, consisting of eleven players each, take part in this game whereas each team has a twelfth man who can’t bat or bowl or keep but can take on the field whenever a player gets injured during the game span.
There are two on-field umpires to take care of the laws of the game. The two umpires are give their verdict whenever an appeal is made and their decision are the final one. They also decide the wide balls and no balls. When the situation seems too tricky for the on field umpires they can consult it with the third umpire who is on the upstairs. The third umpire judges the call by watching the situation in a slow motion replay. There is also a match referee who sees the game closely and after the match he reports whether there was violation of any kind in between the game.
Before starting the match the two umpires along with the match referee and the two captains goes for a toss to decide which team is going to bat first. One of the captains tosses the coin and the other one calls “head” or “tail”. The match officials, after the coin stops spinning at the ground, have a look at it to decide the winner. If the calling captain gets his call right then he wins, otherwise the other one, who tossed the coin, wins. Then the winning captain decides whether they will bat or bowl.
The conventional type of cricket, i.e., Test Cricket, is played in four innings. It is the form of the sport of cricket with the longest match duration, which can last up to five days (or longer in some historical cases), and is considered the game’s highest standard. The first team to bat has the chance to score as much runs as possible until they are bowled out or the team deciding to declare. After that the other team starts their batting and tries to have a lead than their opponent. Once the team batting second is bowled out the team batting first goes to bat again. They try to take the lead of maximum runs and when they finish their batting the total lead plus one becomes the winning target for the other team. The scenario can change a bit if the team batting second falls 200 runs short in their first inning than their opponent. Then the team batting first can opt for follow-on where the team batting second has to bat again. If they again fail to reach the 200 runs mark they lose and if they manage to surpass 200 runs then their lead is counted. The total lead plus one run is the target for the team batting first. If the second batting team is not bowled out in their second inning by the fifth day and yet they haven’t reached their target then the match is declared as a draw.
The one-day games, where both the teams get the chance to bat only once, usually consist of 50 overs maximum. The team batting first can bat for maximum 50 overs if they are not bowled out. The team batting second has to score one run more than their opponent to win the match. The Twenty20 cricket has a span of twenty over and the team scoring maximum number of runs wins.